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How to Draw Hand Bones – Drawing Anatomy for Artists

How to Draw Hand Bones – Drawing Anatomy for Artists

Hey Skelly can you give me a hand with something? Hey my name is Stan Prokopenko and welcome to Proko! It’s important to understand the bones if
you want your drawings to be anatomically solid, and if you ever want to invent. This is especially true with the hands. Science tells us that hands are like, 90%
bone. Get this part right, and the rest is easy. Thanks Science. No Problem! Let’s start with proportion. The length of the whole hand is about equal
to the length of the face. Within the hand there are three important
divisions… the wrist, palm, and fingers. Or, to use the bone terms, the carpus, metacarpus,
and phalanges. We can quickly and accurately find these proportions
with the halving method. Take the distance from the wrist to the end
of the middle finger and divide it in half. This marks the end of the metacarpus, at the
knuckles. To find the three finger joints, divide in
half again, and again. The knuckles don’t line up horizontally, so
draw the rest of the fingers a little bit shorter than you drew the middle finger. Find the knuckles with curved rhythms. You can divide that last unit in half again
to find the fingernail. The webbing of the palm extends beyond the
knuckle, about halfway to the first joint. So, fingers appear longer when looking at
the back of the hand and shorter when looking at the palm. Keep that in mind when you’re measuring. The halving method is based on the length
of the bone, not the skin. That said, let’s jump right into the wrist. Carpus There are eight wrist bones, and each one
is completely irregular. Nope, they’re not easy, but they’re not important,
either! Individual carpal bones are basically never
visible, even when the wrist is fully flexed, so you don’t need to study each one! Instead, let’s study the big form. From above, the wrist bones have a half-circle
shape. They pop right into the concave socket of
the radius. Together the wrist bones form a tunnel, hollow
on the palm side, which tendons and nerves pass through to get to the fingers. This is the “carpal tunnel” of “carpal tunnel
syndrome”. Remember to rest and stretch, everybody. Metacarpus “Metacarpus,” meaning “beyond the wrist,”
refers to the bones of the palm. Their overall length and width make a square
shape. The palm has distinct top, bottom, and side
planes, so think of the metacarpus as a box plus a triangle for the metacarpal of the
thumb. That tunnel shape we saw at the wrist echoes
throughout the whole hand. Here, the palm is hollow, and the highest
point of the “tunnel” is at the middle finger. This is especially visible when you’re drawing
a fist. The middle finger knuckle sticks out the most
length-wise, too. The metacarpals and phalanges use roughly
the same design. The shaft can be simplified into a cylinder
or box form that tapers to be thinner towards the fingertips. It’s straight along the top, but concave along
the bottom. The far end has a convex bump that fits into
the concavity of the next bone. The metacarpals can be easily felt and seen
on the back of your hand, especially at the knuckles. The form of the knuckles is a wide box with
a ball at the joint. The top plane between the ball and box is
a trapezoid. Phalanges Each finger, has three sections, called phalanges,
connected by hinge joints. The thumb is different. It only has two phalanges past the metacarpal. But, I prefer to think of metacarpal of the
thumb as its third phalanx. As far as joints and functionality, it’s more
similar to the phalanges of the fingers, than the metacarpals of the fingers. As I said, technically, the thumb has only
two phalanges, but because its metacarpal is extra flexible, It has great range of motion… The fingers do not extend from the palm in
straight, parallel lines, but actually curve towards the middle finger. It’s subtle, but it’s there. The form of the phalanges follows the same
pattern we saw with the metacarpals. Each section is boxy with a slight arc at
the bottom. The fingertips taper off ending with a flat
plane. When sketching fingers, you can use a sphere
to place the joints and a cylinder to connect them. Think of the palm and wrist as boxes. We’ll talk about the surface forms of the
hands in more detail in a future lesson. For now, let’s focus on this basic wireframe. If you’d like to see a detailed narrated
demonstration of me drawing dynamic hand bones, check out the premium version of this lesson. Assignment You assignment is to simplify the hand bones
into their basic forms. Draw from life using your own hands or draw
from the 3D models of the hand bones I provide you. Proko People, you’ll find still images of
the hand bones in the description under the video. Premium Proko People, on your Premium Proko
Dashboard, you have 3D models of four dynamic hand bone poses that you can draw from any
angle. You might even try drawing the same hand from
multiple angles. And if you really want to challenge yourself,
look at the model from one angle, but draw it from a different angle. After you’re done drawing, you can rotate
the camera to match your drawing angle to check your accuracy. This exercise will help develop your ability
to invent hands from imagination. So, we have a premium section for students
that want to learn more. The premium section has extended lessons with
more information about the topic. It also has additional drawing demonstrations. If you do the assignments for each lesson,
these demos serve as the answers for the assignment, so you can check your work. There’s an ebook version of each lesson
that you can download as a PDF. Print them out or keep them on your device
so you can quickly review the lessons. And finally the Premium section has 3d models
that you can spin around, study, and draw from any angle. If you don’t want your drawings to look
like this, go to If you like this video, don’t be all selfish,
share it with your friends! And if you want to be updated about new videos
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100 thoughts on “How to Draw Hand Bones – Drawing Anatomy for Artists


  2. I think that Stan is a very talented teacher beside being an artist. Thank you, Stan. And I like your oil paintings very much. It is quit rare nowadays that people paint this fine way. Would you teach us painting?

  3. I've always wanted to get better at my hands, and tried to do so by drawing skeleton hands in the past, but it never worked. The way you broke this down really helped and I'm inspired!

  4. thanks for that. Both the science and the application are more interesting and helpful than I've found previously.
    I've been attempting to sharpen my skills with books, but either I somehow missed big chunks of them or they somehow manage to skip over all the salient points. My anatomy book simply shows how to shade in certain things, making its title completely innacurate

  5. i always avoided proko for being "too detailed" but wow dude, your work is awesome and assignments are surprisingly fruitful.

  6. Oh great. Either my hands are too small, or my head is too big. :/ Won't mother be proud. Lol

  7. The Ending
    💀+🖕=👋 😂😂😂

    This is high level techniques right here! My mind??? Is 💥🤓

    This is going to help me alot! Im sooo sharing😍

    You are a hand anatomy God😲😱👐👏👏👏

  8. The exercises surprised me on how it could be while learning. Thanks for creating this lesson and breaking down the hand to shapes I understand.

  9. Rewatched this many, many, many times and drew along, the best thing is to hear drunken Proko on 0,25 speed and draw along. Recommend it! 🙂

  10. Brilliant I can't believe you snorted black charcoal I find your YouTube site brilliant and it's improved my drawing your so funny but very informative thank you proko

  11. DOGS SO CUTEEE. and that house is so nice too what the heck. if that's in LA and you own it, dem you be rollin in cash my dude

  12. Is there a relation to the proportions of the thumb's metacarpal and the other finger that's easy to remember?

  13. Is it okay to go for the half-half-half method or should one instead try and practice that 1,618 ratio / golden ratio. I read that a lot of parts in nature and the human body actually follow that 1,618 ratio, so it's not exactly "half"-everything.

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