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The Art of Space

The Art of Space


The Art of Space You walk outside at night and you look up
to see stars, everywhere. Seeing those stars barely shimmer in your
eye makes you wonder endlessly. Stars twinkle like this because of the Earth’s
atmosphere. As the air churns around in the sky, it just
barely affects how the starlight hits your eyes, causing them to twinkle. But there is so, so much more to space. Space is filled with billions of unique worlds
and environments. There’s peaceful places like Mars, where
we can record the wind and take pictures. Take a look: But on the other end of the spectrum, is something
called a gamma ray burst. Gamma ray bursts, or GRBs are the strongest
explosions we are currently aware of in existence. In a quote from NASA, GRBs occur when the
core of a massive star collapses, forms a black hole, and blasts particle jets outward
at nearly the speed of light. To illustrate the vastness of space, every
single planet in our solar system could fit within the distance between the Earth and
moon. Even Jupiter, which is 1,300x Earth’s size,
would fit comfortably with plenty of room if by itself. So far, only six rovers have been dispatched
to our sister planet Mars. Of those six, one crash landed and another
lost communication after 20 seconds of being on the surface. On January 31st, 2014, the Curiosity rover
looked to the night Martian sky and took a picture. In this picture, is Earth, where all of human
history has happened and all the places you’ve ever been to, where every face you’ve seen
and every memory you’ve made; is on this single dot. Our universe is so incredibly large, I find
it difficult to even comprehend. The fact that we are so insanely tiny is both
incredibly scary and astonishingly amazing. Space holds some of the most beautiful imagery
imaginable. It has colossal structures that are the size
of galaxies, and the clouds of gas and dust come together to form natural art. For example, the Pillars of Creation. The pillars are a gas cluster that spans 4
to 5 lightyears in length. In what appears to be freckles, the gas cluster
is inhabited by a multitude of newborn stars. The image shows the edges of the pillars have
fragments of gas leaving the main body. This is due to the radiation from nearby stars
ionizing the gas, slowly chipping away at the structure. In another example of colossal beauty, you
will find what is known as the hand of God. The cloud of material is caused by a star
that exploded, shooting material into space. Specifically, the object is a pulsar wind
nebula. A pulsar is a neutron star that rotates 7
times per second. It ejects out magnetically charged particles,
which causes the cloud to radiate x-rays, and is how we are able to photograph the hand
of god. Next, shrinking it down tremendously, I want
to talk about the northern lights. Not the ones on Earth, though. Specifically known as auroras, these events
occur on both of our gas giants Jupiter and Saturn. For Saturn, the first image of the aurora
was taken by the Hubble telescope in October of 1997. The exhibits are caused by an energetic wind
from the Sun, and is akin to the phenomenon that causes fluorescent lamps to glow. Unlike Earth’s aurora, Saturn’s is seen
only in ultraviolet light invisible from the Earth’s surface, which is why the aurora
can only be seen from space. In a similar manner, is Jupiter. Jupiter’s magnetic field grabs passing charged
particles from the sun and it’s own moon Io, known for its large volcanoes. The charged particles enter Jupiter’s atmosphere
and react with atoms of gas, causing a glow of ultraviolet light captured by our Hubble
telescope. And specially, Jupiter’s auroras never stop. In a final example of space’s beauty, is
our own Earth. Earth sports beautiful vast open oceans and
a multitude of other natural phenomena. You might be one to remember the solar eclipse
of August 21, 2017. The total eclipse lasted a mere 140 seconds,
in which it amazed millions of people in North America. Take a look at this view of the eclipse from
a plane above the clouds: Space agencies like NASA and the ESA are still
young in a sense. With the exception of the Earth and the Moon,
our species has only been able to discover these amazing feats within the last century. I have a feeling that there’s much more to
discover, and it will be 100x prettier than what we see now. This has been a tiny glimpse into the art
of space, thank you for watching. SAUCE https://www.vox.com/2015/4/17/8432733/space-maps https://nasa.gov http://www.esa.int https://www.spacetelescope.org/videos/heic1815b/

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